Back to Back Issues Page
Power Tips - Addictions Stemming from Stress or Pain - Weekly Report
July 03, 2018
Hi there

Thank you for subscribing to my self help & inspirational motivation ezine!

free self help ezine INDEX:
Inspiring Power Quotes
Editor’s Note by Helene Malmsio
Self Help Report: "Addictions Stemming from Stress or Pain Management"
Sponsored Resources
Get Motivated!
Healthy Power Tip
Your Free PLR Article: "Earn A Slice Of The Massive Pizza Pie Market"
What's New?
Have a Laugh!
Daily Self Reflection

I hope you enjoy reading "Power Tips" e-zine as much as I do writing it.

Thank you to my readers who refer other people to my ezine.

If they want to subscribe for the next edition, they can just visit the website and subscribe here: ezine subscription

If you ever decide that you want to unsubscribe, you will find the link at the bottom of this page. (But I'll be really sad to see you go!)

If you haven't already done so, its time to collect your other subscriber gifts, including a set of sample PLR articles and also my report on how to use PLR to slay your competition.

Grab them by clicking on the download links here:
PLR Report

Sample Pack of PLR Articles


~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

Inspiring Power Quotes For This Week:


"All men who have achieved great things have been great dreamers."
- Orison Swett Marden

"Success is doing ordinary things extraordinarily well."
- Jim Rohn

"I start with the premise that the function of leadership is to produce more leaders, not more followers."
- Ralph Nader

"Never walk away from failure. On the contrary, study it carefully and imaginatively for its hidden assets."
- Michael Korda

"Nothing ever comes to one that is worth having except as a result of hard work."
- Booker T. Washington

"You cannot control what happens to you, but you can control your attitude toward what happens to you, and in that, you will be mastering change rather than allowing it to master you."
- Brian Tracy

"I learned that the only way you are going to get anywhere in life is to work hard at it.

Whether you're a musician, a writer, an athlete or a businessman, there is no getting around it. If you do, you'll win - if you don't you won't."
- Bruce Jenner



Learn more of our how to do it tips for motivating yourself every day by using free daily motivation and also get inspirational quotes.

Editor’s Note by Helene Malmsio

There's a good chance that this one will come to you via your sp@m bin because of some of the trigger keywords in the self help report this week

As an expert on Stress - and unfortunately in Pain Management the past 10 years - I can confirm that its so easy to use addictive tools to help manage your state. Smoking cigarettes helped me in many ways, but I ended up smoking 60 cigarettes a day for decades. The day I finally managed to stop smoking was a huge milestone for me, and I don't regret stopping smoking for one minute.

Fortunately, I'm not too attracted to alcohol or any other addictive tools mentioned here, so I'm luckier than most.

Learn how to reduce your stress, and how to naturally manage your pain... hopefully this report will get you started if it is a problem you have been struggling with.

O.K. Lets begin with this weeks Power Tips report for you... ENJOY!

Report:
"Addictions Stemming from Stress or Pain Management"



The majority of people who live with some type of addiction never set out to become reliant on whatever it is that they use. An addiction can happen as a way of trying to cope.

But what an addiction does is it only masks what's really going on. If you're someone who's struggling with stress or pain, you don't have to be put in a position of having to choose an addiction just to make it through your day.

Once you identify the stressors or your pain, you can seek the appropriate help and not only feel better, but you can break the addiction as well.

Most people choose to break an addiction because of the way it impacts their lives emotionally, financially and in relationships.

Stress Is a Leading Factor in Addictions

Stress means something different to everyone who experiences it. Stress can be caused by outside influences and can be short-term stress such as job problems, a family situation, moving, financial pressures, or an argument.

Some stress is long term - such as day-to-day living with a stressful situation that's not going to get better for months or years - like being a caretaker, having a bad job you can't change, or the death of a loved one.

Stress can also be caused by health issues. Low levels of certain hormones can contribute to stress. Stress can be in someone's life but not be constantly on until something triggers it.

When the trigger kicks in, you may feel the physical side effects of stress. These side effects include feeling like there are knots in your stomach, higher blood pressure, rapid heart rate, insomnia, stomachaches, headaches and fatigue.

You might have emotional side effects of stress including anxiety, depression, and mood swings - especially anger or irritation. Dealing with or eliminating the stress can be the first step in helping you manage an addiction.

If the stress is not dealt with before an addiction treatment plan is put into place, there's a stronger chance that there will be a relapse.

What happens whenever stress occurs is that if a person is already overwhelmed, overloaded or their coping mechanism has been depleted, they turn to an activity or a substance for relief.

It often doesn't matter what the activity or substance is as long as the person feels that it eases the stress. The problem is that whatever relief they feel is only temporary.

Since the stress relief is associated with the activity or substance, they have to continue to engage in the activity or use the substance. After awhile, what happens is that the relief they feel is no longer there.

Their body has become accustomed to whatever it is they're doing to find relief. So then the person has to up the stakes. They have to do more of the activity - like some people turn to exercise as stress relief.

While exercise is good, if used as a stress relief rather than dealing with the cause of the stress, the exercise can take on unhealthy proportions. This is how someone with an eating disorder can become addicted to exercise.

It's the same way with any substance. A little might help ease the stress in the beginning, but before you know it, you have to take more and more of it just to find the same level of relief.

There are several common addictions that occur when people seek to ease stress or find an outlet for physical or emotional pain.

Smoking Can Be a Stress Relief and Pain Management Addiction

Having an addiction to smoking is one way that begins as a means to manage stress. Once you get a nicotine habit, it can be easy to turn to that whenever you feel stressed.

Most people think that having a cigarette calms them whenever they feel their stress levels start to go up. But the truth is that the opposite happens. Smoking causes stress levels to go up rather than down.

What gives smokers the sense that they're getting relief from stress is that the nicotine they're getting into their system from a cigarette quiets the craving rather than the stress they experience.

It gives a false sense of relief. This false sense of relief comes from the nicotine because this addictive substance causes a person to experience a temporary mood lift.

Nicotine makes the emotional aspect of stress less sharp. Smokers don't feel the same level of irritation, the anger or the depression brought on by stress when they smoke, not realizing that it's not a true release from the stress.

Dopamine is behind the mood lift that someone feels whenever they smoke. The nicotine causes the release of this chemical and makes the smoker instantly feel calmer.

The nicotine opens the doorway to a habit forming method of stress relief that's not even a true relief. Smoking covers up the stress but doesn't deal with it.

This addiction has the same results if used as a way to attempt to deal with pain.

A nicotine habit is not an effective pain management solution because eventually the nicotine need will change. After the initial dopamine release wears off, the smoker will crave another cigarette to get the same calmness and the same relief from pain that he or she felt in the beginning.

This is how someone goes from being a one or two cigarette a day person to becoming a pack a day smoker. Healthy coping skills are needed to break an addiction to smoking.

Once you stop smoking, you cut your risk of smoking related health problems and can reverse health problems that may already be happening in your body such as high blood pressure or elevated heart rate and higher liver enzymes.

If you want to break the addiction to cigarettes, there will never be the "right" time. Some people look for a time when they don't feel they'll have any stress at all in their lives, but stress can be a given and putting off stopping smoking until things "get better" doesn't work.

Instead, if you stop smoking in the middle of your stress, you stand a greater chance of successfully quitting. Otherwise, when the stress reoccurs, you'll face an even greater temptation.

Make it easy to break the addiction by making your environment one that will help you succeed. Don't have any cigarettes on hand, don't hang out where you used to smoke and use some stop smoking tools if you need them - such as the patch or nicotine gum.

Report continued below...

Sponsored Resources:

Our Sponsors and Affiliates are what keep this newsletter and the weekly gifts free to you, so we appreciate your support when purchasing from our sponsors.

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

I'm an author who has published over a dozen self help and natural health ebooks and paperbacks, so in this section I'll usually feature one of my books for you to check out.

Just click on the book banner below to see the full range of topics

Need to learn how to manage stress better ..? Check out my self help book about How to Break Free From a Stressful Life


~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

ADVERTISERS:
If you have a product or service that you would like to feature here for our subscribers, we feature approved classified ads here for only $17 per edition, so please Contact me me to book your advertisement (or an advertorial article).


~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

Please do check out my new range of 2018 Planners and Organizers! Just click on the Journal images below to see the selection in the range.

Or if you want Monogrammed Planners, check out a sample on this link: Monogrammed A 2018 Diary Monthly & Weekly Planner: 12 months with Contact & Password lists & spare Note pages 8.5 x 11 and there are also planners and diaries 6"x 9" to suit your needs.

They work. They make you happy. Use them.

"Addictions Stemming from Stress or Pain Management" Report continued...

Drinking Is One of the Top Five Addictions

Of the most addictive substances - alcohol - makes the top five list. It's also one of the most accessible substances to those who are underage.

While a lot of people do drink alcohol, most people do understand limitations and don't have an addiction to it.

There are clear signs that an alcohol addiction is present. Having an inability to do what you're supposed to do during the day is a sign.

For example, if you can't do your job duties, or you're failing in your college level schoolwork because of drinking, this can be a sign of an addiction to alcohol.

When you have to consume great quantities of alcohol to find the same relief from stress or pain than you have in the past, this can be a sign of an addiction.

The reason that your body needs more alcohol the more of it that you use is because it builds up a tolerance to a certain level.

So as you drink it, you have to have more and more before you can feel the same level of buzz that you did in the beginning.

If you've tried to stop drinking, but experience signs of withdrawal when you attempt it, that can also be a warning sign.

Symptoms of withdrawal include mood swings - anxiety, irritability, depression, insomnia, headaches and feeling shaky.

While the discomfort from stress or pain can be covered up with alcohol, as soon as the buzz wears off, the feelings of stress and any physical pain that you had will come rushing back.

Plus, you'll have the after effects of health problems. Your liver can't metabolize great quantities of alcohol. When you drink too much, your body's immune system is affected.

RX Pill Addiction Can Happen to Anyone

There are so many ways to get medications. You can get them over the counter and you can get them via a prescription.

Though prescription medications are more closely monitored than they have been before, it can still be easy to develop an addiction to medication.

Often, a pill addiction starts out because the medications are needed. After an injury, a doctor will often prescribe a narcotic.

Narcotics are extremely addictive. They not only block out the body's pain receptors and make the user feel relaxed, but they also ease stress so you feel happy.

Other than alcohol, this is one of the quickest ways to become addicted to a substance. Some people may find it easier to become addicted than others will. This factor depends on whether or not there is a genetic inheritance toward addiction.

Once the pill is taken, there can be a mass release of endorphins stimulated by the taking of the drug. These endorphins are what give the user the high feeling.

But as the person continues to take the drug, what happens is that the brain ceases to perform its normal function with endorphin release.

So when the person who is addicted doesn't take the pill, he doesn't feel as good and his emotions swing downward. Once he takes the pill again, it creates that endorphin effect and this effect is massive.

The brain doesn't naturally produce the quantity of endorphins that are created by the drugs. Stopping a pill addiction can lead to stress, insomnia, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Treatment programs can break a pill addiction if you recognize that you have one. Some of these treatment methods include taking medication such as methadone.

Sexual Addictions Are Still Under-Diagnosed

Because there's more of a stigma around this, most people who are addicted to this are reluctant to seek help to free them from this addiction.

Having this form of addiction occurs because of the same reasons that any other type of addiction happens.

The brain has a reward pathway that occurs with addictions. It's the same type of chemical release that happens when someone drinks, smokes, overuses food or takes drugs.

The behavior leads to the release of chemicals in the brain that make a person feel good. This chemical high is what leads people back to the very same actions time after time because the brain grows accustomed to that reward system.

Your brain can be retrained to accept thoughts and behaviors that a person wouldn't normally act upon. The same reasons that people use other addictions are the reasons that a physical addiction is used.

When someone has a sexual addiction, they use it to find relief from the stress they haven't learned how to cope with, from physical and emotional pain - and because they become addicted to the high they get from the brain's chemical release.

Like with other addictions, there can be a genetic link to these forms of addictions. If this issue runs in your family (which you are likely not to know about), then it can get passed down to you.

Food Addiction Is the Most Common Addiction

While it can be easy to think that alcohol, cigarettes and pills are the most common addiction, it's actually food that tops the list.

It's the most widely accepted addiction as well as the one that's sometimes hidden until the weight starts to pile on.

A food addiction can be just as bad for your health as any other addiction due to the long-term health problems it can cause. While some people will gain weight due to a food addiction, not everyone does.

Some people hide a food addiction by eating small portions in front of other people and then binge eating at home. With others, it can lead to an eating disorder such as bulimia or anorexia.

The reason for this is because the food is used as a means of treating stress, physical pain and emotional wounds or traumas.

A food addiction also gives the same high that other substances do - and it, too is followed by feelings of disgust, remorse and depression just like other addictions can bring on.

There Is Hope for Addiction Recovery

The first step toward recovery is always the most difficult because it means acknowledging the problem. Recovery doesn't happen just because family or friends want it to - it has to come from the person with the addiction.

Some people avoid even the thought of seeking help because they assume this means going to some kind of recovery center.

But some addictions can be treated with self-help materials, with private support that doesn't involve public meetings, with medications, with counseling and more.

An addiction can happen to anyone at any time - from any walk of life. No one is immune or above it happening to them.

The best reason to seek help for any kind of addiction is that you deserve to live an authentic life and addictions rob you of that.

Instead of an authentic life, you end up with a synthetic one because the emotions and experiences aren't real. They're being governed by the addiction.

You're worth whatever tools you need to buy - whatever avenues you need to take to be free of the control of an addiction.

~*~*~*~*~*~

I hope you enjoyed this self help report and will put the information to good use!

You can learn more about how to be more relaxed and how to manage stress so that you are more active and in control with your responses to events thrown at you in both ] life and at work. And this online guide about how to improve pain management should also be able to give you some helpful tips if that is your issue.

There is a ton of useful resources and training guides online at my website including learning how to do mindfulness to help level out your life, so please visit and have a jolly good look around at all the content subjects. You will learn a lot at my self help supermart - and its all free.

And please, as I keep asking, do let me know what your most desired self help topics are, and I'll try my best to publish exactly what you are looking for

~*~*~*~*~*~

Get Motivated!

Here's a Free Motivational Social Media Graphic For You To Enjoy and Share!

All you need to do is to right click on the image and select "Save image As" to download it to your computer.

Feel free to download and share the social media image below with your friends and family - ENJOY!

Healthy Power Tip:

Bad Habits

1. A note to weekend warriors: Binge drinking can lead to liver damage, high blood pressure, stroke and more.

2. If you are concerned that you might have a drinking problem, you probably have one.

3. If friends and family have suggested you have a drinking problem, you probably have one.

4. Do you know the difference between alcohol abuse and dependence? Abuse means the consumption of alcohol frequently and in large amounts. Dependence usually means the inability to quit and a physical dependence on alcohol.

5. Start the dialogue with your children about drugs and alcohol early. Don’t judge and listen for an open relationship.

6. Talk to your doctor before taking any prescriptions that may be potentially addictive. Find out alternative options and how to take medications safely.

7. Commonly abused prescription medications include depressants like barbiturates and benzodiazepines, amphetamines and other stimulants, sleep medications and narcotic pain relievers.



Your Free PLR article:
"Earn A Slice Of The Massive Pizza Pie Market"

I'm getting back to updating the PLRhub.net site with new PLR content for you, which you can check on the directory page here: PLRhub Article Packs and also have a catalogue that you can review and just check off the packs you have already purchased.

You can grab the latest version here at any time (right click to download): Strategic Services PLR content Catalogue

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

"Earn A Slice Of The Massive Pizza Pie Market"

Description: Opening up a pizza restaurant can be an extremely profitable business. Learn to read about the costs, earning potential, and other information.

It is a well-known fact that people love pizza. The average American alone eats an average of 23 pounds of pizza per year. If you are considering taking advantage of this tried-and-true restaurant type, there are some considerations that must be made and steps that must be taken in order to ensure success.

Benefits of Owning A Pizza Restaurant

While it is like starting any other restaurant in many ways, opening a pizzeria has its own elements to plan and decisions to be made.

• In the very beginning you must decide whether you wish to open your own independent pizza shop or a franchise. If you choose a franchise, most of the other considerations and planning elements will not apply as they will be taken care of by the parent company.

• Do you want to deliver, offer only carry-out, have a dining room, or a combination of all three? Most people love the simple luxury and convenience of being able to call in and have a pizza delivered to them, but offering other options can appeal to a wider audience.

• Are you going to be pizza-only or will you offer a fuller menu? A very limited restaurant has little room for growth and will not appeal to some people. By offering a selection of other items such as stromboli, pasta, salads and desserts, you are widening your potential customer base and increasing potential for revenue.

• Which is more important to you, quality or speed? It is not a secret that some pizza companies forgo authentic flavor in favor of a quick turnaround. You must decide if you want to offer more elevated pizza or fast-food type pizza. This will factor in to your start-up and monthly costs as well as your customer appeal.

Start-up Costs

Every business has costs associated with opening. By being properly prepared for these, you can ensure a smoother first several months and be more likely to enjoy success sooner.

• A location for your restaurant will be one of the first expenses in opening a pizzeria. The cost for this will depend on where it is, the accessibility and population density among other factors. Once you have chosen your building you may need to invest in renovation and decor to create the right atmosphere.

• Equipment costs to start a pizza restaurant include pizza ovens, kitchen utensils, refrigeration units, dish washing areas, and serving ware among others. The cost of this can range between 30 and 150 thousand dollars depending on the size and complexity of your restaurant.

• Food costs can fluctuate dramatically which is why forming a relationship with a food supplier as early on as possible will be highly beneficial. This will allow you to lock in current pricing on foods such as cheese, flour and produce so that your profit margin doesn't suffer when these products increase in price.

• Smaller expenses that need to be considered when opening a pizzeria are legal and licensure fees, advertising, menu and other paper good printing, and delivery vehicle insignia.

Earning Potential

As has already been established, people love pizza, so with a well-implemented business plan, you have the opportunity to develop a substantial income with your own pizzeria. For investors, it could also pose as an excellent way to make income on the side with recurring percentages of profit.

• Using high quality ingredients will produce the best product, which will equate to customer loyalty and increased profits.

• Offering discounts can draw in new customers, but when they are used too often and for too long they can dilute your brand name and drastically reduce your bottom line. Use coupons and promotions cautiously.

• Trying different menu options and formats, such as a lunch buffet, or a carry-out only menu can increase sales and streamline the function of the restaurant, equating less work and higher revenue, a good balance for a business owner.

• Creating a fun environment for your business can give a boost to income. Offering video games, air hockey or other forms of paid entertainment give customers another reason to come in, a reason to stay longer, and another avenue of revenue for your restaurant.

Opening a pizzeria can genuinely be a dream come true if it is well-planned and well-executed. Making wise decisions and not taking for granted to implied simplicity of a pizza parlor can ensure success and independence.

End of free PLR article

Just copy and paste the self help PLR article content above if you would like to use it on your blog, email, reports.

You will find a good selection of pre-written Private Label License use content available in the PLR store for this niche.

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

Here is what you can do with this PLR article and meme/graphics:

[YES] This source file of contents:

* Can be used as content on your website or blog
* Can be used as content in published e-books and reports (sold with personal rights only)
* Can be used in an auto-responder series
* Can be Edited or Spun however you wish
* Can be used to produce video articles
* Can be published off-line
* Can have your name put on them
* Can be rewritten for submission to article directories

[NO] This source file of contents:

* Cannot be sold or given away with other PLR or any form of resale rights
* Cannot be added to a PLR or IM membership sites
* Cannot be submitted to article directories without substantial alteration

If you want to compile the articles into an e-book or report you can sell or give away your finished ebook, but you must only give personal use rights to your buyers.

In other words, you cannot pass on PLR or resale rights to these articles in any form.

The articles have been written around keyword phrases and the title of each article includes the keyword phrase.

If you are using the articles on your website it is a good idea to give each article a unique title.

Keep the keyword in the title, or if you decide to change the keyword, change it in the first and last sentences of the article too.

You can edit the articles for your website any way that you wish.

Any questions, comments, concerns or help needed, contact me using the email form at https://www.discoveryhub.net/contact-us.html

What's New?

There are many new products being released this week, I hope you get to check some of them out.

I'm still creating my weekly theme sets of stationery and journals... looking at expanding into Wall Calendars, Cards, Tshirts... everything fun!

And once again, thank you so very, very much to everyone who has invested in one of my books... I really appreciate your trust, and know that you will love the book!

And p.s. Any reviews posted on Amazon would be hugely appreciated as well!!

And get yourself a beautiful and inspiring Diary or Planner. Yes, like one of the ones I have designed for you. They work. They make you happy. Use them.

Click on the banner images above to see the full range, as I keep adding new designs every few days... and if you have the time, please do tell me what you would like to see included, so that I can meet your requirements!

And a reminder: "Power Tips" is here to help you learn and apply new self growth strategies. Are you getting benefit from these self growth reports? Most importantly: Will you USE what you are learning?

If you are, how about you tell your friends about "Power Tips" and share it around with your pals!

What topic would you like to read and learn about next? Let me know the topics you would find most helpful for me to publish Guides about!

I really appreciate you subscribing to this ezine, I hope you enjoy it, and I welcome your feedback about this ezine - Don't "reply" to this ezine... you can use this form to Contact Me

May you always have Love to Share, Health to Spare, and Friends that Care!

Have a Laugh!

"For old times sake.... "

An elderly couple were celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary, so they decided to return to the little town where they first met.

They sat in a small coffee shop in the town and were telling the waitress about their love for each other and how they met at this same spot. Sitting next to them was the local cop and he smiled as the old couple spoke.

After the waitress left the table, the old man said to his wife,

"Remember the first time we made love, it was up in that field across the road, when I put you against the fence. Why don't we do it again for old times sake?"

The wife giggled like crazy and said, "Sure, why not."

So, off they went out the door and across to the field. The cop smiled to himself, thinking how romantic this was and decided he better keep an eye on the couple so they didn't run into any harm.

The old couple walked to the field and as they approached the fence they began to undress. The old man picked up his wife when they were naked and leaned her against the fence.

The cop was watching from the bushes and was surprised at what he saw. With the vitality of youth, the wife bounced up and down excitedly, while the husband thrashed around like a wild man, then they both fell to the ground in exhaustion.

Eventually, they stood up, shook themselves, and got dressed.

As they walked back towards the road, the cop stepped from his hiding spot and said,

"That was the most energetic love making I have ever seen. You must have really been a wild couple when you were young."

"Not really," said the old man, "when we were young, that fence wasn't electric!"



Daily Self Reflection:

~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

Thank you once again for joining us today, I hope that you have found some helpful self help tips and also found our free PLR article helpful to build quality relevant niche content on your online properties!

Helene Malmsio
Editor

www.discoveryhub.net

Published by: Strategic Publications (est. 1987)
Victoria
Australia

=================================

DISCLAIMER: All information is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for your counselor’s advice or treatment. Use of these products and tips are at your own risk. We make no warranty, express or implied, regarding your individual results.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

DISCLOSURE: I may be an affiliate for products that I recommend. If you purchase those items through my links I will earn a commission.

You will not pay more when buying a product through my link. In fact, I oftentimes am able to negotiate a lower rate (or bonuses) not available elsewhere.

Plus, when you order through my link, it helps me to continue to offer you lots of free stuff. :)

Thank you, in advance for your support!

No Liability

Under no circumstances will the product creator, programmer or any of the distributors of this product, or any distributors, be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, punitive, special, incidental, or other consequential damages arising directly or indirectly from the use of this product.

This product is provided “as is” and without warranties.

Use of this product indicates your acceptance of the "No Liability" policy.

If you do not agree with our "No Liability" policy, then you are not permitted to use or distribute this product (if applicable.)

Failure to read this notice in its entirety does not void your agreement to this policy should you decide to use this product.

Applicable law may not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability or incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.

The liability for damages, regardless of the form of the action, shall not exceed the actual fee paid for the product.

Note: Articles in this ezine may concern health treatments and references to trademark brands.

I am not legally, medically or professionally qualified and like all of my products, these articles are supplied for entertainment purposes only.

Any claims that are made in your use of them and any consequences of your use of them are your own responsibility.

You are advised to take legal advice in relation to setting up disclaimers and other aspects of your business.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Unsubscribe ONLY if you want to stop receiving this ezine!

Instructions are below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Back to Back Issues Page